However, as America’s power grew stronger, the country became increasingly an “empire. ” Exercising its powers, America began over-using military force, threatening foreign governments, and taking global actions without international approval. These intrusive behaviors of America, however, go against history. Lessons learned from the past suggest that world super-powers could only dominate through compliance with foreign nations, such as how Chainmen Empire ruled their people. Chug discusses the Chainmen Empire in Chapter One.
Lying in present-day Iraq, the Chainmen Empire was the earliest hyper-power of the world, ruling as many as 42 million people. The story of the Chainmen began with Cyrus the Great. Cyrus, remarkably complete in religious tolerance, not only spiritually freed people, but also restored them. Cyrus did not establish new kingdoms through conquering by strength, but instead, he did so by respecting the people and their freedom and human rights. Cyrus serves as a prime example of ruling people by serving them rather than coercing them through fear and force.
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Cirrus’s legacy was continued by Cambers (B. C. 30-522), and then brought to the peak by Diaries the Great, who expanded the Chainmen, or the Persian Empire, into present-day India. One big contributor to Tarsus’s success was his brilliant leadership and direct military conquering of the Immortals, who were infamous because of their Mafia-style coercion. Diaries also gained success through enforcing political stability, social order, and economic prosperity. The Persians Empire, however, eventually met its downfall, starting with when Xeroxes took the throne in 485 B.
C. Xeroxes violence and arrogance brought about the fall of the Persian Empire, and by 336 B. C. , the Persian Empire had been fully eradicated by Alexander the Great. The Persian Empire’s downfall, however, wasn’t completely due to their faults. Alexander the Great, one of history most prominent conquerors, deserved much credit. Alexander created the largest army earth up to that time, not Just including the Greeks in his army, but also taking over the Bacteria’s, Sounding, Arachnoids, Agrarians, Arians, and Parthian and making them into his soldiers.
However, although Alexander created a massive empire, the conglomerate of different races never unified as “Greeks”, and thus, what Alexander lilt up eventually disintegrated, which was brought about by the uprising of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire, the most extensive and long lasting Mediterranean empire, held more than 60 million people under their reign and had remarkable achievements in the fields of science, literature, and art. Through ruling strategies partly adopted from the Persian Empire, the Romans gave people more freedom and set a new benchmark to tolerance.
What distinguished the Romans being a Roman, insofar that people from far-away countries desired to become Roman. In addition to enforcement through military strength, Rome also offered readies to nearby countries, and these alliances helped gain Rome success in war, as exemplified in their defeat of Hannibal in 202 B. C. At Zamia. Romeos golden age came during the rule of Hadrian, successor of Trojan. Hadrian focused his attention on the defense and embellishment of the empire – new cities, temples, baths, harbors, aqueducts, arches, and theaters were built throughout the empire during this period.
The Roman Empire’s rise, as much as its fall, conforms to Chug’s idea of why empires grow and fall – people incorporated into an empire not feeling connected to the very empire they are within. Contemplating this idea, it is interesting to decipher the makeup of the longest lasting civilization in world history, and the most creative and influential – the Chinese. During its long period of rule, classical China was split into many dynasties. Amongst the most compelling of eras of Chinese rule are the “Spring and Autumn” and “Warring States” eras, which Chug talks about in Chapter Three.
The “Warring States” came to an end when Shih Hanged united China in 221 B. C. And became the first emperor of Gin. After long periods of war and turmoil, the Hans reunited China once again. Warring clans, political murders, and foreign invaders, however, set an end to the Han Dynasty, and after its end, no one knew if a unified China would ever be possible again. During 220 C. E. , however, when chaos reigned China, the founding of the Tang Dynasty came about. The Tang Dynasty, established by Emperor Gauze, spanned 289 years.
One great empire of this time is Tagging, whose goal was to establish an empire in which all people were equals. Vast lands, such as the Middle Kingdoms, were brought under his control during this period. Tagging combined Trick and Chinese forces through a strategy similar to that used y Alexander the Great in his time of rule, extending trade by remodeling the Silk Road. Also, during this period, Buddhism was brought into China by missionaries and merchants, and later on, it became a more dominant religion than Taoism.
Rulers in China adopted many thoughts from the Han dynasty, such as those advocated by the Han general Gauging and the Taoist philosopher Ala Tug, while supporting Buddhism. Through these practices, the Tang Dynasty asserted its place in history as the most successful ethnic Chinese dynasty, following the violent and brutal ideas of legalism UT still holding cultural tolerance among different people in the civilization. The Tang Dynasty created the best-run bureaucracy and a wide range of technologies and gave rise to the world’s largest trade network at the time – the Silk Road.
The Silk Road networks not only were instrumental in the development of early Chinese economy, but also provided the framework for later global trading patterns. In chapter four, Chug discusses about the rare exceptions in history – the Mongols. The Mongols were lo-tech, tent living, savages that conquered most of the known world through violence. Mongol leader Genesis Khan (1162-1227) rose from humble singings to establish the largest land empire in history. After uniting the nomadic tribes of the Mongolia plateau, he conquered huge chunks of central Asia and China.
His descendants expanded the empire even further, advancing to such far-off places as Poland, Vietnam, Syria and Korea. At their peak, the Mongols controlled between 11 and 12 million contiguous square miles, an area about the size of Africa. Tempting, being a slave in the Skewered tribe to the world dominant “The Great Mongol Nation”. Like Alexander the Great, the Mongols incorporated conquered soldiers into their army. So long as the Mongols could keep these former enemies loyal, they proved valuable allies.
The simple fact that the Mongols managed to conquer so much territory helped unite the people within it. While they could not manage to administer it as centrally nor endure for as long as the Roman Empire, this short lived, loosely connected empire did go a long way for opening up the various parts of Eurasia to trade with each other. Many people were slaughtered in the course of Genesis Khan’s invasions, but he also granted religious freedom to his subjects, abolished torture, encouraged trade and created the first international postal system.