Soybean Hydroponics in the Arctic Tundra Abstract: Soybeans will be grown hydrological in the arctic tundra. Greenhouses will be used to extend the possible growing season. Soybeans can serve two good purposes. They can be used as food or as a way to make befoul. This is great for the arctic environment where it is difficult to get supplies such as food and gasoline. With a steady supply of food and fuel more research can be done in this harsh environment.
The goals are to produce the highest output of soybeans possible hydrological and to convert what is not wanted for food into befoul. Another goal is to show that hydroponics can be used on a commercial level and hopefully get more companies to look into developing hydroponics farms and putting more research into befouls. Introduction: With the grant I plan to grow soybeans hydrological in the arctic tundra. This will benefit people living in this environment because not only are soybeans a great and healthy food source but also an efficient befoul.
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With an ever expanding population on the planet people are moving to new parts of the world. Also there is a lot of research going on in the arctic tundra and to provide hose researchers with a reliable source of food and fuel would make doing more research in this area cheaper. Hydroponics is the use of nutrient rich solutions to grow plants as opposed to soil [Jones ’05]. Currently hydroponics has been confined to growing high value crops in enclosed environments and has yet to take a hold commercially [Jones ’05].
Hydroponics is far superior to growing plants in soil in that it can produce on average about double the product in the same area as soil without sacrificing quality [Disorder ’92]. The idea of hydroponics has been around for a long time and was first publicized about in 1937 by W. F. Kicker [Jones ’05]. He stated that he thought that one day hydroponics would be used commercially [Jones ’05]. Though first publicized about in 1937 growing plants in water that is rich with nutrients has floating gardens of the Aztec in Mexico are very similar to hydroponics [Jones ’05].
In world war two hydroponics was used on western pacific islands to provide fresh vegetables for soldiers Jones ’05]. Though hydroponics has shown itself to be very useful and efficient it has not grown that much commercially over the last few decades. The hydroponics society of America has not been active since 1997, and they seed to hold annual meetings [Jones ’05]. Hydroponics works by submersing the plants roots in a nutrient rich solution that consists of the 16 essential elements for plant growth [Jones ’05].
Plants grown hydrological grow larger and faster that plants grown in soil. Also roots can grow much larger outside of soil because they are not restricted by packed soil and clay pans [Jones ’05]. In the arctic a source of food and fuel is always necessary. The normal growing season in the arctic tundra is 10 to 12 weeks, but with the use of greenhouses this growing time can be increased Freeman ’11]. One big problem with the arctic tundra is that due to the cold temperatures and permafrost in the soil it makes it difficult to grow any useful plants.
With the use of hydroponics it can turn this land that is relatively useless into a profitable place to grow plants. Soybeans are the best of both worlds when it comes to choosing a plant to help people in that area. Soybeans are not only a good food source, but also function as a befoul. A befoul is a fuel made of biological material. Befouls, like hydroponics, has been around for quite some time. As early as the sass ethanol was used by Samuel More in the first internal combustion engines [Befouls ’13]. The oil crisis in the sass caused many countries to look into befouls over importing oil [Befouls ’13].
Brazil started making lots of ethanol after this oil crisis and by the sass they had replaced 60 percent of their oil usage with ethanol [Befouls ’13]. In the United States befoul production has grown a lot over the last two decades. In 1995 production was at 500,000 gallons, by 2005 it was 75 million gallons, and by 2006 it was at 224 million gallons [Befouls ’13]. The main plant used n the United States befoul production was the soybean [Befouls ’13]. Currently 4 percent of the world’s demand for primary energy comes from befouls.
The more popular and more well-known hydrophone only provides 2 percent of the world’s primary energy demand [Maguire ’10]. Most modern cars can use up to a 10 percent befoul mix in their engines without any modifications, though some cars called flex- fuel can use 100 percent befoul or gasoline [Maguire ’10]. One big advantage to using befoul is that it produces a higher octane rating than gasoline which helps improve engine performance [Maguire ’10]. Befouls currently cost a little more to make compared to gasoline at about a ten to eight ratio respectively [Sanders ’10].
Hopefully with more farms producing the components for making befouls hydrological it can help drive the price down to where it can be competitive with gasoline and one day completely replace it. Methodology: Since the soybeans are going to be grown in the arctic tundra a greenhouse will be used to extend the growing season which is typically 10-12 weeks to much longer. Soybeans grow best at somewhere between 60-86 degrees Fahrenheit [Jones ’05]. Grow lights will be used in he greenhouse when there is not an adequate amount of light for the plants to grow.