Issues and Challenges in Development of India India as a Nation faces most of the issues this modern world has faced. It has the issues of the developed nations like the USA and other European countries and at the same time problems faced by the developing and underdeveloped countries in Africa and Asian continent. At the same time with a diverse population in diverse geographical setting with large number of social and religious issues, India faces issues of its own with unique kind of attention.
In spite of these issues Indian’s progress with growth and development in recent decades has raised expectations to he extent that some analysts have started predicting when India will outgrow China. Due to this expectation, the pressure on the organization is comparatively large. Here are the most visible and common issues all over the nation to achieve the development work in the country. (1 )Poverty (2)Employment (3)Agriculture (4)Problems in Social Development (5)Regional Disparities India is surrounded by every possible social, economical and political issue along huge potential.
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The president of the USA, Bark Obama in his recent visit to India said that India is not developing, it is developed. Indeed India is a developed nation f we look into the GAP, government expenditure, few metro cities and life style of a branch of rich people. The people of India have built a strong image in the mind of foreigners who does not have access to the internal situation of this romantic country. It is accepted by all that this nation holds huge amount of capability for development. Lord Meghan Ideas, who argued, not without irony, that whatever else happens, “the government can still sit back and say 8. Per cent”. Indeed, India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world; the recent financial crisis could not cause huge damage due to the strong economical capability UT even today, after 20 years of rapid growth, India is still one of the poorest countries in the world. According to World Development Indicators 2011, only 16 countries outside Africa had a lower gross national income per capita. Due to the huge inequality in sharing of wealth, the growth story is not able to attain true meaning.
What India needs at this hour is an inclusive growth. In a recent article by Nobel laureate Mammary Seen and fellow economist Jean Deere, published in Outlook opined that Bangladesh and Nepal have made more rapid progress on life expectancy, infant and child mortality, immunization, years of al of these indicators in 1990 but better on all of them in 2010, despite the fact that GAP growth was much faster in India in this period. The widening gap between GAP growth and human development in India is probably not sustainable, economically or politically.
India has huge resources as it is the 12th largest economy as per the GAP and the earth largest as per the APP. To attain this inclusive growth India must educate its citizens so that they can understand the government policies and opportunities. We believe, even if there is only one educated man in a family he or she will not let the family to suffer from poverty. The neglect of elementary education, healthcare, social security have caused pervasive imbalance of political and economic power that leads to a massive neglect of the interests of the unprivileged.
These deprived people are not able to take the benefit of many development projects. This negligence in elementary education and other glaring manifestations of this pattern include disregard for agriculture and rural development. Indian’s massive agricultural sector employs about 60% of the population, yet accounts for only about 17% of total GAP. Growth in agriculture has stagnated relative to other sectors: last ear the agricultural sector grew at a rate of 2. 7%, relative to growth in both the service and industry sector. There is a huge need for increasing farmer’s access to markets.
Weak public service delivery has also manifested itself in disappointing progress on human development posing a threat in overall development. Indian’s progress in health and education between 1990 and 2010 lagged behind not only China but also its South Asian neighbors like Nepal and Bangladesh as already discussed. The lack of committed organizations to work as a catalyst between these services and people is still a problem in developing India. India needs massive number of independent organizations to guide, criticism and help to implement the public policies.
Indian’s problems for sustainable and inclusive development are structural manifesting in governance weaknesses as they are the pillars of all policy making and implementation. The outcome of several corruptions in government mechanism in recent time, people are gradually losing the faith. Government’s inability in I) embroiling resources and boosting the supply side of the economy, for example, through infrastructure development; it) ensuring broad-based improvements in education and health; and iii) keeping growth reasonably inclusive and broadly shared have posed a threat to the nation’s development.
As the Infrastructure development remains a key constraint, the government’s role remains essential. Indian’s government has long struggled to set aside enough money for infrastructure investment. The past decade has seen improvement on this front, largely because of private-sector involvement. Also, political pressure to keep prices of utilities such as electricity, gas and water low discourages private investment in Looking ahead, the prospects for sustained rapid growth and development in India ill depend in no small part on improvements in the quality of governance in infrastructure and the delivery of public services.
The private sector is contributing on a grand scale towards the development. Some people think that, despite relatively weak governance, India can continue to grow rapidly because of its dynamic private sector and involvement of many nongovernmental organizations in the process. I would believe that India will probably be able to continue to grow decently in the medium term, and by eradicating these issues the growth can be transformed into the inclusive development. [email protected] . Com