Social Marginalization

In Canada alone; social normalization of the disabled is recognizable everywhere. It can be seen overtly and sometimes unintentionally so. The visually impaired are given a due role as well as others who are considered disabled within society. They have a grouped minority that is generally looked down upon in our society. These created social barriers keep these unintentionally or intentionally isolated individuals from reaching their true potential as self- actualities selves. It causes unnecessary conflict within our society, and creates normalization through stereotypes that mom with being a disabled individual.

Which include; the misconception that they are unable to function in particular situations, and that they need aid with many aspects in their life. This is due to ignorance and unfamiliarity with the disability. According to the International Classification of Diseases, the spectrum of impaired individuals fall under four separate categories. There is the classification of normal vision, also described as 20/20 or 20/30 prescription of corrective lenses for this type of vision. Followed by moderate visual impairment that is roughly 20/70 assortment for corrective lens.

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There is also severe visual impairment that is considered to be nearly-total visual impairment. Described as 20/1 ,OHO for any sort of spectacle correction. Followed by complete or total blindness. Which is defined as not light perception and the inability to receive aid via corrective lenses. Presented by the World Health Organization statistics, by June 2012 the rough estimate of the afflicted visually impaired world wide was 285 million. 39 million were diagnosed with severe visual impairment to completely blind while 246 have low to moderate type of vision.

In Canada, the major agency that meets unique sensitivity needs for the blind and visually impaired is The Canadian Council of the Blind or the CB. The statistics in this establishment estimated a serving of over 80, 000 blind and visually impaired Canadians. Unfortunately those only include the documented, aided Canadians and not the less fortunate visually impaired individuals. The Canadian Council of the Blind was founded in late 1944 by blind war veterans, patrons and officials of schools for the blind.

There is a sense of conformity to the program and less of a chance of normalization due to the unique aid of the aerogram. All officers and directors are described as visually impaired or blind. This in turn gives a sense and physical form of guidance to the individuals attending the program. It creates another group within society that includes who would be normalized by the general society. This particular institution would include its own norms and values that would ensure a separate but inclusive colonization.

With media inclusion it is easier for programs such as this to become a broader public knowledge. As well as presenting different help forms and ways to help in formal and informal institutions within our society. Over 90% of visually impaired persons live in developing countries which is reflective of many different problems regarding cultural and societal resources and is not looked at as priority they become susceptible to neglect and disease. With no meaner financially or non-materialistic to support themselves they have more of a chance to be normalized and excluded.

When it is shown with a mass number of people, that reflects on any societies underlying problems globally, nationally, etc. It is estimated that 19 million children globally are effected with visual impairment. Similarly found, roughly 1. 4 million of these children are irreversibly blind. Although numbers are still high regarding world wide visual impairment, it has decreased since the early sass’s. This is due to public health action and study which put the reduction of visual impairment as a result from different diseases.

The reduction was also due to; governments that established national programmers to prevent and control visual impairment, eye care services that were brought into primary health care systems, governments putting focus on the services that are available, making ore of an effort to make them affordable and with higher quality service, and also including school-based education to make issues of this type of disability well known with youth. Although normalization due to the fear that one may be afflicted visually due to a disease has dropped considerably over the past 20 years, many are still normalized in response to ignorance.

Fortunately I know of a few persons in my community who are treated and respected highly as if their disability does not exist. As it should be to a certain degree; so they are able to keep their self-actualization as well as to not be socially normalized. In a functionalist point of view; they should still be able to keep a unique stature of self identity to ensure diversity within a society. So in turn, exposure to such can result in a wider spectrum of acceptance and less social normalization to other groups in society.

Noticeably, if is not the person themselves who are socially normalized from an institution or a store; they become so with their meaner of transport or guidance. If a public place is not aware of the needs of the individual they may be met with ignorance and misunderstanding. As of May 1st, 2012 people under social assistance n Nova Scotia who are dependent on guide dogs were intended to receive more money for the care they need. Instead of $60 a month, it grew to a monthly allowance of $90 a month, for veterinary care and other necessities.

This agreement was established after the current rates and statistics were revived by The Department of Community Services; of how many guide dogs were relied on within Nova Scotia. It was consulted with the Canadian National Institute for the Blind that there is now a larger majority than in previously found studies. In conclusion, with any normalized group in any society, it has overall disastrous effects upon the individual and the frame work structure of the social interactions in a culture.

To make this normalization less of an issue by not simply Just covering it up, giving positive and negative attention to different aspects regarding it. It is especially effective to ingrain into our society a sense of understanding and non degrading sympathy to individuals who are described as impaired. It should be a definitive way of standard that the social exclusion and unequal chances given to “different” individuals should be nearly abolished. Same opportunities of education, society today.

from Nandarnold

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