Raymond Smith Within this paper the writer will be discuss the public policy on Juvenile Justice Reform. Within the paper the writer will describe the issue, tell if the policy a regulatory or legislative-initiated policy, and who initiated the issue or policy. Also the writer will discuss is there a constitutional issue, and how will the issue or policy affect the community, the accused, and the victims and a conclusion at the end of the paper.
Describe the issue: The issue is on how much money it cost to house Juvenile compare to housing adults in prison and should 17 years be treated as Juvenile or adults. A special council wants to know where the money is going. According to (Klein, 2012) “States across the country including Georgia are facing very high per child costs in the Juvenile system. ” The legislature passed a bill in December of 2013 on how the local government would afford the cost on housing the Juvenile.
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If you are 17 or older, you are an adult, subject to the adult Justice system this is what the special council policy will be peaking with the state legislature. Is this policy a regulatory or legislature-initiated policy? This policy would be regulatory policy because it allows the government’s capability to pass laws and sanction guidelines. The Juvenile Justice is mainly a state and local obligation; the legislature government can and should make a vital influence.
Frequently, states and local want the financial capitals and technical know-how to improve their Juvenile Justice system and they have long looked to legislature for guidance. “A regulatory policy allows the government to play a vital art in setting standards, conducting and publicizing research on best practices, and providing capital to help states and local develop their Juvenile system (Casey, 2009). ” Who initiated the issue or policy?
The policy was introduced by a Special Council that was chosen by Governor Deal to estimate the finance in Georgians Juvenile system. This Special Council duty was to review the Juvenile code and to place low to medium-risk youth in secure incarceration facilities, which would save the state money. The state could not see where the money was going to house the Juvenile and should 17 years be counted as n adult when breaking the law. The council also suggested that a voluntary funding program be setup to support local facilities. Is there a constitutional issue?
There would be a constitutional issue because Juvenile have certain constitutional relents at negotiation, sun as ten ruling to a lawyer Ana ten ruling to canalling Ana interrogate witnesses, but they have no right to a trial by Jury. The subject of juvenile’s rights is poorly defined in the courts, somewhat because the public as a whole has not decided how much independence to grant Juvenile. When most venire’s supporters talk about Juvenile’s rights, they are not stating to the same rights detained by adults, such as the rights to vote.
Instead, they mean that more importance should be placed on Juvenile’s standing as “regular persons” eligible of benefits under the law as providing in the United States Constitution and its Bill of Rights. How will the issue or policy affect the community, the accused, and the victims? The policy will affect the community by saving tax dollars if they use community based replacements to incarceration the Juvenile. The community safety s well-maintained and the Juvenile are detained in the least constricting setting for a short amount of time.
According to Official (2008), place the Juvenile closed to home as possible, valuable funds are freed up. The policy will help the victims by releasing of stress knowing that the Juvenile is off the street getting the help they need from a community based programs. The affect that this policy will have on the state budget would be less money spends on Juvenile housing if they used community based programs. In conclusion: The state budget will be cut if Juvenile are not place in a imprisonment before a termination is made that the Juvenile poses a harm to himself or to others.
The Governor and the Special Council need to review this policy and focus more on rehabilitative the Juvenile. References Casey, A. E. (2009). Reform the Nation’s Juvenile Justice System. Retrieved from http:// www. Café. Org Official, S. (2008). How Victim-offender Mediation Impacts Juvenile Offenders. Retrieved from http://www. Stanford. Du Klein, M. (2012). Special Council on Criminal Justice turns its Attention to the Kids. Retrieved from http:// www. Neocolonialism. Com