Pol exam study guide

Communications Area/Class Discussion folder on Blackboard for each chapter (kind of like a FAQ website). Post your questions in the appropriate forum so that others also can benefit from your questions about the material. If you know the answer to someone else’s question, post it! Also, please check the appropriate chapter’s discussion to see if your answer is posted before posting your questions or responses. This forum is primarily a way for you to help each other, although James and I will monitor it to ensure incorrect information is corrected.

Please do not email either one of us with questions about the test; post them in the discussion forums. Do not forget when studying: At the end of each chapter in the book, there are practice multiple choice questions for you. Also, Monopolistic Lab has flash cards, videos, and other resources that should help you understand the concepts in each chapter. Chapter 1 1. Define the following terms: Government Majority rule Natural law Personal liberty Political culture Political ideology Politics Popular consent Popular sovereignty Social conservative Stasis Populist 3.

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List and explain Aristotle classifications regarding the different types of overspent. Why did the founding fathers choose a republic for the U. S.? Why did they not choose direct democracy? 4. What is political ideology? What are the major ideologies found in the U. S.? What does each think is appropriate with regard to government’s role with the economy and social programs? With regard to traditional values and morality? 5. What was the reason the very first colonists came to America? The second? 6. Describe the relationship between liberty and equality in American thought.

According to your text, which is most important? 7. What are the main functions of the U. S. Overspent as described in your text? 8. What was the source of America’s focus on individualism? What affect did this focus have on the concept of inalienable rights? 9. How will America’s growing diversity affect public policymaking? What is a majority/minority state? 10. Your text describes (including a graph a growing trend of distrust in American political institutions. Which institution is the least trusted in the U. S.? Which is second? How might these ratings affect policymaking?

Chapter 2 Federalist Anti-Federalist bicameral legislature Necessary and proper clause Shays rebellion Constitution Due process of law Rule of law Tyranny of the majority Writ of habeas corpus Ex post facto law Bills of attainder Full faith and credit clause New Jersey Plan Equal Protection Clause Virginia Plan Federalist 51 Federalist 10 Social contract theory Consent of the governed Commerce clause Mercantilism government and what were its powers? Why was the government established under the Articles of Confederation ultimately unsuccessful? 3.

Describe the main reasons behind the colonists’ rebellion against Great Britain. 4. Describe the main issues in Federalist 10 and Federalist 51 . What solutions did the writer propose? 5. Describe the concepts of separation of powers and checks and balances and explain why the founding fathers included these concepts in the framework of the constitution. List the ways each of the three branches of government can “check” or “balance” powers in another branch. 6. Describe the two ways a Constitutional amendment can be proposed and the two ways that amendment can be approved.

Which is the most commonly used path to ratification? How many constitutional amendments are there? Describe the more informal ways that the Constitution can be changed. 7. How did John Locker’s concepts of Life, Liberty, and Property affect the mounding of the United States? 8. What were the main compromises made during the adoption of the Constitution? 9. What were the three functions of government identified by Baron Demimondaines? How did his writings affect the Constitution? 10. What is the purpose of a Constitution?

Chapter 3 Enumerated powers Interstate compacts Implied powers Extradition Unfunded mandate Nullification Supremacy Clause Preemption Privileges and immunities clause Matching funds Tenth amendment New Deal Federal grants 2. What are the delegated or enumerated powers for each branch of the federal overspent? What are the concurrent powers? Powers reserved to the states? Powers denied to the states? How does the “necessary and proper” clause affect the were established as a result of the final ruling in the following cases: McCullough v. Maryland (1819), Gibbons v.

Ogden (1824) and the Dried Scott Decision (1857). 4. What is the significance of Mammary v. Madison? What were the main issues in the case? 5. What government functions generally are performed by the states? 6. What two Constitutional amendments shifted more power to the national government and how did they do so? 7. Describe how the government under President Franklin D. Roosevelt responded to the Great Depression. What was the Supreme Court’s initial reaction to these proposals? Did the Court ever change its rulings with regard to the New Deal programs? . Describe the differences between categorical grants, block grants, and earmarks. Chapter 4 Civil liberties Lemon test Defamation Prior restraint Warrant Probable cause Exclusionary rule Fundamental freedoms Incorporation doctrine Double Jeopardy Capital punishment Test case Fighting words Slander Libel Clear and present danger test Direct incitement test Establishment clause Penumbra (related to privacy) 2. What is the Bill of Rights? What is the significance of “selective incorporation” as related to the Bill of Rights and the 14th Amendment? 3.

What are the two provisions in the Bill of Rights regarding freedom of religion? What are the issues surrounding each that we discussed in class? 4. Describe some of the circumstances where the Supreme Court has ruled prior restraint of speech or the press acceptable. 5. What is the Supreme Court’s position on symbolic speech, such as flag-burning? (Is it regarding the “Bong hits for Jesus” was NOT protected? . Where are privacy rights found in the Constitution? Describe the issues and the Supreme Court’s rulings in Griswold v. Connecticut, Roe v.

Wade, and Lawrence v. Texas. What are recent trends in the Supreme Court’s rulings regarding abortion? 7. Explain in detail the provisions in the Bill of Rights that guarantee a defendant the right to a fair trial (especially look at the 4th, 5th, 6th, and 8th amendments). 8. Describe the issues and ruling in Gideon v. Handwriting. What practice did the case establish for court procedures? What is a “Miranda warning” and why is it significant? 9. How does the Supreme Court define obscenity? In general, most successfully prosecuted obscenity cases are of what type? 0. Once someone has been arrested, what are three additional things police can search without a warrant (things related to the person arrested)? Is it ever constitutional for police to stop and frisk someone without a warrant? If so, when? 11. Is the Exclusionary Rule absolute, or are there exceptions allowed by the Supreme Court? 12. Is the death penalty constitutional? Why or why not? 13. According to your book, how has the “war on terrorism” affected civil liberties? 14. Do other countries have similar civil liberties as the U. S.?

Describe instances where free speech allowed by the U. S. Constitution might be misunderstood by other countries. (this was discussed in class) Current Events Topics (re-familiarize yourself from your notes) 1, Balance of power between President and Congress regarding Syria and related military actions 2, Preacher who burns the Koran 3. Regulation of franking activities 4, Political reasons behind the deadlock in Congress/relationship with concepts in Federalist 51 and Federalist 10 5. Don’t forget to read the articles posted online!

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