Ben Halperin 11/26/14 P. 5 vanity Chapter 10 One Pager: A Democratic Revolution Two Quotes ” John C. Calhoun, Jackson’s running mate, brought his South Carolina allies… ” pg. 309- James Henretta In order to win the Presidency, Jackson knew that having a running mate who supported the South would be helpful. However, Jackson and Calhoun did not on many issues, and therefore it does not make a lot of sense to choose a running mate whose opinion differs so greatly from yours. Calhoun would publicly disagree with Jackson on certain issues, which lead to his eventual resignation.
The rise of the Democracy and Jackson’s tumultuous presidency sparked the creation in the mid-1830s of a second national party: the Whigs. pg. 321- James Henretta The early political battles between the Federalists and the Ann-Federalists and the winner take all electoral system helped cause the two party system. After the Democratic Party developed with no major opposition, it was imminent that another party would sprout up soon to oppose the viewpoints of the Democratic Party.
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In 1834, a group of congressman eventually banded together to oppose Andrew Jackson and created the Whig Party. Personal Statement I learned in the chapter that Jackson was the first President to explain that he was a representative of the people. I always thought that was a given; however I learned that the previous Presidents were more concerned with protecting the aristocratic elite. Two Images Roger B. Taney- Andrew Jackson appointed Taney as the Secretary of the Treasury in early 1833.
He withdrew the government’s gold and silver from the Second National Bank and deposited it into various state banks. Although this action was likely illegal according to Henretta, Jackson defended Taney by explaining that the decision represented the people’s anger towards the bank. The Whigs- The Whig party was founded in 1834 by a group of congressman who opposed Andrew Jackson’s policies and his “kinglike” conduct. Initially, “the Whigs were a diverse group drawn from various political factions. ” The Whigs believed in a ruling elite class of self-made men.
REPS+DG Religious: The newly formed Whig Party and the Democratic Party fought to gain votes and support from different cultural groups. Many evangelical Protestants became Whigs while most traditional Protestants and Catholic immigrants became Democrats. Economic: In 1828, President Jackson had a tariff passed to assist manufacturers and armers that helped him win the presidency. The South fiercely opposed the tariff, especially South Carolina, because they feared it would lead to a slave rebellion and the eventual abolition of slavery.
South Carolina adopted an act prohibiting the collection of tariffs and threatening secession if federal officials tried to collect them. Political: Andrew Jackson ran for president in 1828 and Martin Van Buren and other politicians managed his campaign. His running mate, John C. Calhoun brought his allies from South Carolina and friends of Jackson in Tennessee rallied for votes in the Southwest. His message of equal rights and popular rule appealed to many groups and received 178 of 261 electoral votes to win the presidency.
Social: Adams’s proposals, such as Henry Clays American System, were received differently in different areas of the country. Manufacturers, entrepreneurs, and farmers in the Northeast supported his proposals. However, southern planters opposed protective tariffs because they “raised the price of manufactures”. Diplomatic: President Adams’s Indian policy was widely criticized by Southerners. He supported the land rights of Native Americans from expansionist whites. In 1825, “U. S commissioners had secured a treaty from one Creek faction to cede Creek lands in Georgia… The Creek National Council claimed the treaty “fraudulent” and Adams Congress to send troops to force most Creeks to leave the state. Geographic: Jackson pushed for the Indian Removal Act of 1830 through Congress which created the Indian Territory in present day Oklahoma and Kansas. The bill narrowly passed though the House of Representatives with a vote of 102 to 97. It also promised money and reserved land to Native Americans who would agree to give up their land east of the Mississippi.