Micro- and Macro-Sociology

Hungarian Kay Track and “One World under business” Drabber Lovely hula hands by Hungarian Kay and One World Under business by Drabber, I find both articles very interesting and inter-related because it displays a connection in the micro- and macro sociology. Lovely hula hands can be analyzed from the micro sociology because it is concerned with daily human interaction such as social status, social role and social interrelations that take place in the central place of the article. The author does not generalize and abstract social trend but describes the real situation.

One world under business concentrates more of the evolution of social structure related to macro sociology; his article contains not only sociological critiques but the product of the sociological imagination and levels of theoretical abstractions and also his contribution to the modern sociology today. I found both articles interesting because they have a unique relationship almost similar to an extent of again who has the power? Who has the Authority? Brings about impacts socially, economically, politically as well as culturally, and both articles face the same argument of authority and power.

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Lovely Hula Hands” describes the modern life of the Hawaii from the Native Hawaiian point of view. Haunt Kay Track explores the cultural modification and exploitation of Hawaiian Culture including their language, dress and dance forms have been marketed as products for mass consumption of tourists (88). We know clearly that exploitation occurs when aspects of subculture, such as belief, ritual and social customs, are marketed without the cultural group’s permission. And in today’s world many racial ethnic groups like e. G Native America, Latino etc have experienced cultural exploitation and this is true today.

We see people trapped in two worlds (culture) of which one is ours and the other one is forced upon us without any consent. And for this fact Native Hawaiian are trapped in this sort of two worlds one due to tourism which gave rise to high living costs in Hawaii and ruined the traditional indigenous life-style. Hawaiian cannot live as they lived in pre-tourism period, but also they cannot meet new life standards. Haunt Kay talks about how Hawaiian “fill up the unemployment lines, and if they want to survive they either enter the military, work in the tourist industry, or leave Hawaii not by choice but out of economic necessity.

It is absolutely horrendous that the people of Hawaii working in the tourist industry make a yearly salary of $10,000 to $25,000 which is barely enough for them to live in their own homeland it is sad but true. Looking at the figure that is the low income wage here in the United States, low income individuals still get some kind of help from the government in the united states which helps a little but for the case of the Hawaiian it is different. Why do we think we have so many crime, suicides rates, poverty etc because we are business indeed that we use resources even if it does not belong to us to profit from it.

It can be either exploiting one’s culture or fighting with other countries so that we can get their resources egg oil. It amazes me what is happening to sacred culture today, we all see ourselves living in this westernizes civilization I ask this question: Do people even care about history? About tradition? About the land we live on? Clearly not for us economy, and cultural impact. Instead of solving one problem we create another. Again rich, power and authority plays a role. To some of us culture is what defines us s individuals our beliefs, traditions are what keeps us at ease, prospers us, we learn to depend on ourselves and Mother Nature.

Let’s assume that Hawaii was not taken over by industrialization would they manage to survive? Yes they would, for many years they lived that way depending on their resources they have, united as one community and helping each other. Tracks compares the culture exploitation with prostitution, she emphasizes the femininity of Hawaiian culture are like agencies to the pimps, which makes a prostitute to sell her beauty. The native culture was banned from 1990 and its revival in sass as closely connected to tourist exotic language, costumes and dances turned to the lure for tourists.

Track declares that communication of hula dancers were made smutty and salacious rather than powerfully erotic as they once were and today the word aloha that meaner the familial love to people and land now becomes almost meaningless because it is often used and has lost its uniqueness and value. Most culture see the exploitation and those are the once are easily taken advantage off, most off which the high chair have the say and the low chair have to suffer for it. Drubber’s “One World under Business” describes how democratic ideals are used to spread capitalism across the world, which he calls “corporate. He says how “in a robust democracy, there is a firewall between government and business. The firewall ensures that people rather than business control the government and make the rules” (Drabber, 429). However, in our democracy, government’s interest lies in protecting profits, while corporations use the language of social responsibility to mask their undemocratic actions. While corporate elites are part of that exclusive club that we envy. Corporations do it in reverse by using democratic language instead of profit-maximizing language to mask undemocratic behavior.

Also, countries with very low GAP have no choice but to trade their political power for economic growth and as Friedman said, “your political choices… Get reduced to Pepsi and Coke” (Drabber, 433). We have less political power and corporations have more political power and in order for us to accept that, we hold onto having economic power or democracy (which we do not really have) and corporations claim to show social accountability. This allows corporation to define their own rules, such as aging free trade interchangeable with deregulation, which does not help poorer countries grow, but makes them weaker.

Also, these large corporations become huge moneymaking monopolies, Just as the mainstream products we have within our country. Surprisingly in today’s “democratic” society, we rest on the ideal of individualism and freedom. We are supposed to have the freedom to vote, freedom to buy (as consumers), and freedom to choose, all of which are own personal, individual choices with no influence by or reliance on others, that is where the major contradiction in our society lies.

Although we think we are individualistic and have freedom, but we do not realize that we are extremely dependent on others for our livelihoods and that only have freedom from traditional and formal institutional structures, but not other freedoms, such as psychological freedom, social and under lets us be indifferent to the suffering that our type of society causes others and ourselves and as a result we feel less accountable to it.

Drabber discuss the contradictions of individualism and the “bi-polar” nature of freedom through publicity and “corporate,” respectively, and how it affects us socially, politically and economically. Furthermore, Just as consumers, corporations through free market and individualistic ideas do not feel accountable to the people that they depend on – their workers and the peripheral countries they rely on for raw materials (also, additional workers and consumers).

Drabber described this as uncoupling, which is when the corporation removes itself from the interest of the nation or citizens of a nation. They claim equal loyalty to all nations, once again cushioning it in democratic language. Also, it forces developing nations to be entrapped further in the corporation world and transfer their political power into power as a consumer, exulting in governments who are not able to be accountable to their own people because they are restricted by corporations and global financial market institutions (MIFF, WTFO, etc. . Through the abuses of the poorer people in these developing countries, the powers we have in our own countries are undermined. Although corporations would like for us to believe that we have an economic democracy or economic choices, we do not because we cannot regulate our own economic system that basically tells us what we want. As Drabber says, “Real democracy is one person, one vote. One dollar, one vote, is the logic of the market, but it is opposite of the equal representation of all citizens that democracy is about.

As a sovereign principle, one dollar, one vote, is inherently undemocratic, and it ensures a growing gap between rich and poor because it gives the rich far more political representation” ( 439). These rich corporations have a lot more money than most of us and in result have a lot more political and social say in our “market democracy. “(Rich, Power and authority) also, in this “market democracy,” those who do not have any money have no a say at all. Countries look at our society as “The Free World” because the lack the economies and capital to buy all the stuff we have (the ability to choose products).

In our society, with the poor and now even the middle- class, it is becoming more difficult to buy the necessities we need, even though we can see the things we would like to have through advertising. More and more, people have to choose between food, shelter, medication, health insurance and other needs. Still, corporations do not care as long as the consumers buy their products and consumers still try to buy it, even if they do not have the money for it (get loans, credit cards, etc. ). In the end, corporations get their money and often more money Han the products were actually worth.

As we see that these articles supplement each other because they describe the same phenomena; “Globalization”, Lovely Hula hands shows impact of globalization on a person or group of people(Hawaiian) meanwhile one world under business describes the influence of globalization into the whole society. Both articles have an outstanding or rather interesting facts which I would agree that these facts take place everyday in our day to day society. Having said this they share an outstanding sociological significance because they concern to the different branches of sociology.

from Nandarnold

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