Psychology paper #4 May, 10, 2013 Margaret Case Since antiquity, human exposes to many environmental stresses that lead to behavioral changes. These changes were studied by experts, which we call psychologists nowadays. Psychologist’s analysis human behaviors, define the type of stress that influence it and then try to fix that abnormal behaviors by one of the treatments. In the beginning, psychologists were unable to define some of abnormal behavioral changes (disorders) and what might cause these changes.
However, later this science evolved through the psychologist, who faced a lot of cases and who were able to understand the behavioral disorders. In this paper I will follow the footprints of these psychologists in order to diagnose one of the patients, and in order to help her to get her normal life back. The patient name is Margaret. She is a clerical worker at manufacturing company. Recently, Margaret stopped going to her work due to many mental problems. When she came to the clinic, she complained about some of the feelings and the things that made her life abnormal.
She said that she often awoke feeling deplorable on Mondays. Moreover, Margaret explained that she suffers from Amnesia, which means that she lost the time and the memory. She rarely remembers what she usually does in the weekends. Margaret also complained that she can’t understand how sometime she would find a stranger man in her bed or receive a call from men that she never met, who called her “Janie”. Suddenly, while Margaret was describing her sufferance in the therapy session, she started to talk and to act like a kid who refers to herself as Suzie.
Thus, based on these symptoms, it’s clear that she suffers from dissociative identity disorder (DID). This disorder can be define as a condition in which a person has more than one, each personality acts differently from the other personality. This disorder is a result of a trauma or extremely bad experiences. According to psychoanalytic theory of Freud, Margaret disorder is a result of one of the defense mechanisms. Defense mechanisms are psychological or mental mechanisms brought by the unconscious to protect the ego, to deny the reality and to preserve a socially cceptable image of self.
Margaret disorder can be explained by one of these mechanisms that called denial mechanism. Denial mechanism is when the patient refuses to accept the reality because it cause anxiety, and it’s too threatening. In Freud opinion, human deny things or events to protect the ego from things that cannot be cope with. Therefore, Margaret hides her real personality, and shows other personalities because she is trying to deny a bad experience or a bad memory that she faced in her childhood. Margaret condition can be treated by using ifferent kinds of therapy.
However, I would like to use cognitive behavioral therapy with her. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapeutic approach that treats mental disorder or emotional disorder. CBT is based on the idea that our thoughts cause our behaviors or feeling. Margaret negative ideas influence the way she acts and the way she feels. My task with Margaret will be making her aware of the influence that negative ideas have on her life. By making Margaret aware of her negative ideas and the wrong view of life, it will be easier to change the way she hinks.
Modifying the way the patient thinks will cause changing in her behaviors, and that’s will decrease the number of personality she has. In addition, Margaret might benefit from medication such as antidepressant or anti-anxiety drugs. In conclusion, there are many patients that suffer from dissociative identity disorder. This disorder affects their daily life and also affects their families. Undoubtedly, it’s difficult to be a round people who suffer from DID, because every period of time they will have different personality.
Also, they suffer from amnesia that causes them to forget a lot. Therefore, informative workshops would be needed in the society. The question that remains on the line is, would theses workshops succeed to change the way people react to such a disorder? Books list that associate with DID: Sybil: The Classic True Story of a Woman Possessed by Sixteen Personalities The Sum of My Parts: A Survivor’s Story of Dissociative Identity Disorder Switching Time: A Doctor’s Harrowing Story of Treating a Woman with 17 Personalities When Rabbit Howls The Three Faces Of Eve Twenty-Two Faces