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St. Marys Academy of Nagcarlan Nagcarlan, Laguna S. Y. 2013-2014 Submitted to: S. Elisa Forbes, RVM Submitted by: Centene Kae B. Soriano The Senakulo (from the Spanish cenaculo) is a Lenten play that depicts events from the Old and New Testaments related to the life, sufferings, and death of Christ. The senakulo is traditionally performed on a proscenium-type stage with painted cloth or paper backdrops that are called telon. It takes at least eight nights – from Palm Sunday to Easter Sunday – to present the play. Christ is presented traditionally as meek and masochistic, submitting lamblike to his fate in obedience to authority.

In urban areas, there are modernized versions of the senakulo that run for only one or two hours. They may be presented in different types of venues: on the traditional stage, on the streets, in a chapel, in a large room, or out in the open. Comedy, courtship, and special effects may be incorporated. Furthermore, modern senakulos tend to focus not on Christ’s submissiveness, but on his reason and resolve in courageously standing up for the downtrodden against their oppressors, perhaps suggesting how current problems may be resolved.

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Pab?¤sa ng Pasy?¶n (“Reading of the Passion”), known simply as Pab?¤sa (literally reading”, but is specifically a “sponsored reading-and-chanting”) is a Holy Weekpractise in the Philippines that involves chanting of the narrative of the life, passion, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Readers are usually groups of individuals taking turns in chanting verses from the book known as the Pasyon (lit. , “Passion”). The modern-day Pabasa may be chanted a capellaor with the accompaniment of musical instruments such as the guitar or accordion, or by arondalla ensemble.

There are two common styles of chanting, one of which is the each chanter or group of chanters taking turns in singing the stanzas. The Pabasa is normally performed in front of either a makeshift altar or a permanent one located at the neighbourhood chapel (visita), town plazas, churchyards, or at the home of the ritual’s sponsor. Palaspas, or decorative palm fronds, are part of the Catholic celebration of Palm Sunday in the Philippines, marking the start of Holy Week.

They are brought to the Church to be blessed as part of the Palm Sunday mass and waved as the priest enters the Church, in commemoration of Jesus Christ’s entry into Jerusalem. Several beliefs have been associated with the palaspas, the most popular being the use of he consecrated palaspas as a talisman to ward off evil. Palaspas which have been blessed by the priest on Palm Sunday are usually hung on the doors of houses instead of being returned to the Church to be burned for use in the following year’s Ash Wednesday, leading to the traditional riddle “It was hanged after it was dead. However, in 2009, Msgr. Pedro Quitorio of the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines said in an interview that the palaspas has no magical powers. He added that while the Catholic Church does not condone this Filipino tradition, it merely hows the weakness of the Church in educating its own followers in the true meaning of Palm Sunday Simb?¤ng Gabi (lit. Night Mass) is a devotional nine-day series of Masses practised by Roman Catholics and Aglipayans in thePhilippines in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary in anticipation of Christmas.

Simb?¤ng Gabi, which translates to Night Mass, is held from December 16 to December 24 and is usually done as early as 3 to 5 0′ clock in the morning. On the last day of the Simbang Gabi, which is Christmas Eve, it is called Misa de Gallo, which literally translates to “Rooster’s Mass”. The Simbang Gabi originated in the early days of Spanish rule as a practical compromise for farmers who started their day before sunrise to avoid the heat in the fields. Priests began to say Mass in the early mornings instead of the evening novenas more common in the rest of the Hispanic world.

This cherished Christmas custom eventually became a distinct feature of Philippine culture and is a symbol of sharing. Maundy Thursday (m?¶n ‘d?©) [Lat. mandatum, word in the ceremony], traditional English name for Thursday of Holy Week , so named because it is considered the nniversary of the institution of the Eucharist by Jesus at the Last Supper (that is, the mandatum novum or “new commandment”). In some churches, Jesus’s washing of the disciples’ feet is symbolically reenacted.

In Great Britain there is a survival in the distribution by the sovereign of special “maundy money” to certain of the poor at Westminster Abbey. In the Roman Catholic Church, Maundy Thursday is a general communion day; a single Mass is sung, in the evening, and a Host, consecrated for the morrow, is placed in a specially adorned chapel of repose. The altars are stripped Salubong is an Easter Sunday pre-dawn ritual that reenacts the Risen Christ’s meeting with His mother. It is performed in the churchyard under a specially prepared arch where the veiled image of the Virgin Mary has been placed.

A child dressed as an angel is lowered by ropes from a high platform to lift the mourning veil of the grieving Mother. The church bells are rung, and there is a procession of the images of Christ and his mother that ends up inside the church. The participants in the procession are segregated by gender. The men and boys follow the image of Jesus Christ, while women and girls follow the image of Mary. The procession ends with the two groups meeting in the church, where Mass is said.

The Sayings of Jesus on the cross (also called the Seven Last Words from the Cross) are seven expressions traditionally attributed to Jesus during hiscrucifixion, gathered from the four Canonical Gospels. Three of the sayings appear exclusively in the Gospel of Luke and three appear exclusively in theGospel of John. The other saying appears both in the Gospel of Mark and theGospel of Matthew. In Mark and Matthew, Jesus cries out to God. In Luke, he forgives his killers, reassures the good thief, and commends his spirit to the Father.

In John, he speaks to his mother, says he thirsts, and declares the end of his earthly life. The Bible says he hung there for six hours and probably said far more than this, and these were the words remembered. They each have special meaning. Since the 16th century these sayings have been widely used in the preachings on Good Friday and entire books have been written on the theological analysis, and the devotional elements of the seven sayings. The Seven Last Words from the Cross are an integral part of the liturgy in the, Anglican, Catholic, Methodist and other Christian traditions.

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