Coffee beans have been very influential to growth and development to world today. People all over the world enjoy coffee beans. Everyone knows what coffee is. It comes from a really awesome fruit that everybody tries at least once in their life. Anyone you walk up to as a personal story they could tell you about coffee. In the Book Glass, Paper, Beans “by Leah Hager Cohen as one of the three the stories is about a man named Basilio and his relationship coffee beams. We can find coffee at just about any food store or market around the world. Kids even have coffee on their flash cards.
Coffee is also very intimate. Coffee can be with you in a private moment, in the bathroom or in a car. It is also very global, a product that explains our modern world. Coffee can also show relationship levels between the haves and the have not’s. It made a path of destruction on the way into our lives and glass cups. It the book She brings up a very interesting story of the man Basilio Salinas Martinez, who the head of the house hold and a farmer in Pluma Hidalgo, Oaxaca. It is the personal story of a man that grows and sales coffee beans for a living. Ten thousand families ive clustered in or scattered around the mountain village of Pluma Hidalgo, and virtually ten thousand families grow coffee” (Cohen pg45) Some places, there are people that pay little or no attention to were their coffee comes from and how the coffee beans came from the coffee nursery, to what they buy from Wal-Mart or the cup of coffee they buy from Starbucks. Well it takes a lot of work for that little bean to make into our lives and history shows that coffee is a powerful beverage. On a personal level, it helps keep us awake and active.
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On a much broader level, it has helped shape our history and continues to shape our culture. Coffee plants grow wild in Ethiopia and were probably used by nomadic tribes for thousands of years. but it wasn’t until the 1400s that people fgured out they could roast its seeds. “Cultivation of coffee plant probably did not begin until Arabian traders brought it to Yemen around the beginning of the first millennium. ” (Cohen pg 83) By the 1500s, the drink had spread to coffeehouses across the Arab world. Within another 1 50 years, it took Europe by storm.
Once people found out about the coffee bean they would take trees to different parts of the world like Persia, Egypt, Syria and Turkey. When it made way to Venice, Italy it was very important. Venice has a busy port at this time and coffee paid all over Europe. Caf?©s were the center of social life, where people with similar interests could gather and talk. The controversy was so great that Pope Clement VIII was asked to intervene. He found the drink so satisfying that he gave it Papal approval. He declares it as a Christian drink and Okaying it for his followers.
The French revolution and the American Revolution were planned in coffee houses and that same coffee that was an influence the French revolution was formed by lack slaves. In the 19th century Brazil, Haiti, and Cube Become coffee titans and is mostly through the use of slave. They all clear out large amounts of rain forest to make coffee plantations. Bach and Beethoven were also spawned in coffeehouses. It is often said that after the Boston Tea Party of 1773, when American colonists raided British tea ships and threw crates of tea into the harbor, Americans universally switched over to drinking coffee.
It is estimated, the coffee industry is the main source of income for 25 million small farmers, like Basilio. Basilio is from Pluma Hidalgo. He is twenty six, and he has a wife and three children. It is a small mountain community and all of the people in that area work for a living and they all work on a farm where they grow coffee beans. Once their beans are harvest they sale them to a company called Union de Communicates Indigenes or it’s called UCI for short “The land is not a thing that Basilio Salinas works in order to earn a living; it is the source of life.
And cultivating coffee is not the means by which he has chosen to support a family; it is the force of gravity around which revolve his and his familys lives. Cohen pg 45) The relationship between Basilio, workers and family has lot similarities. All of the work is done as a community. Everyone works a long side each other with one common goal, the beans. The men like Basilio look after the cherry trees, dry the beans and get them ready to be sold. The women pick the fruit and get them ready for the wash.
The setting off Basilio work is always at the sun is up. “Nearly every morning as he passes along the road below the cemetery, Basilio see fresh-picked flowers at some of the graves: creamy calla lilies, sprays of dainty bridal veil lossoms, pale Jasmines, and other sprigs of peacock blue and scarlet and fuschia,- unfaded bundles laid down the day or evening before He work life has began to charge a bit because he gets promotion and has to sit in at meeting about the UCI company. Ever since Basilio volunteered to become the UCI tecnico for Pluma Hidalgo two months ago, he has taking increasingly many trips to the coast for planning meetings, where he can talk with the seven other tecnico from nearby regions and attend seminars given by agricultural engineers” (Cohen pg 167) Basiloi is at a place of contentment with his Job. He is not trying to get ahead or get more money. By Basilo becoming the UCI tecnico for Pluma Hidalgo, he will understand more about the work. The physical setting of the work is outside in the town but there is land by their home that is used for growing as well.
To get this caffeine, first bees must pollinate the flowers of the coffee tree and these develop into bright red berries. Unlike cooperative domestic plants, the coffee tree does not ripen all its berries at the same time so they need to be handpicked and sorted. Once picked the coffee bean is removed from inside the berry. This young seeding of the tree is dried, heated, ground and submersed in boiling water to get out the precious caffeine. There the coffee they are growing to sale and also it is made at home and some of it stays home. Labor is performed when conditions- sunlight, weather, good health— allow. No one ever clocks in our out, and divisional between work and rest, family and colleagues, home and business, all blur. Simply, when his stomach is empty, when the beans are sacked, and the light is ebbing from the sky: home, then, Basilio walks. ” (Cohen pg 275-276) He seems to be able to come as he pleases to work. He works by his emotions but they don’t get in the way of the work it’s Just how he Judges what the day is like and if he should get an early start with his day.
Coffee beans are the only way these people can make money. It is what the land is used for in their country and it is they only type of work that they know. They don’t even fathom a life outside of this culture. “They all work hard in order only to scrape by, and the workers have been gearing up for some time to ask for a raise, next month at the associates meeting. Perhaps. (Cohen pg 194) It all they know and they will teach their ids how to be coffee farmers. Basilio even lets his son help him work sometimes and that is the case with all families like his.
Everybody works, and they all find a Job from their parents. “After the harvest the fincas pay no better, forty pesos for each thousand coffee plants pruned, fifty centavos for each half-moon dug. UCI, at least, pays a guaranteed wage for a days work, so you move along at human pace and fill your beckets as best as you can. Since that is the only life they know and they teach their children that Job, the cycle of bean framers continue with the family. That the corporation keeps making money of the people stays sparest. They people will Just continue to stay making paddy cash and Just enough to get by.
In way the corporations are keeping these people from progressing to a better life and better resources. The work Just seemed as something that has to get done. Be cant really depend on any one day of pay to support the family. They have to work every day and everyone has to work. It takes a lot of hands to get the work done. Someone has to look after the trees and make sure they have fertilizer. They water plant and watch he overall growth of the plant. Some has to pick the cherries and separate them form the fruit and get the ready for a wash, “coffee, once pulped must soak in water for a day or two.
Then it gets rinsed of miel, or “honey’ —any mucilaginous cherry goo still clinging to the bean. Only then, in nothing in parchment skin, is it ready to be I preparation for its trip to the coast. ” (Cohen pg 277) The only part of the coffee production they really seemed to care about was making sure that the beans were in good condition. With all the technology in the world there are many ways they could ake the work faster and easier for them to make more of a profit instead they keep them in those same work conditions which keeps them has the has notes.
Every day the world consumes 300 tones of caffeine, enough for on cup coffee for every man woman and child. The world’s largest buyer of coffee, the US has to import all of this coffee because the trees form which caffeine is harvested will only grow at commercial levels between the tropic of the coffee belt. Work Cited Book Glass, Paper, Beans “by Leah Hager Cohen publish by Doubleday division of Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing Group, Inc 1 540 Broadway, New York, New York 10036