Midterm and Final Review 1. Allegory- a narrative in verse or prose in which the literature events (person, place, or thing) consistently point to a parallel sequence of symbolic ideas. The narrative is used to dramatize abstract ideas, historical events, religious system, or political issues. 2. Tone- the attitude toward a subject conveyed in a literature work. Tone may be playful, sarcastic, ironic, sad, solemn, or any other possible attitude. 3. Alliteration- the repetition of two or more consonant sounds in successive words in a line of verse or pose. (“cool cats” “in kitchen cups concupiscent curds”) 4.
Theme- a generally recurring subject or ideas conspicuously evident in a literary work. Not all subjects in a work can be considered themes, but only the central subject or subjects. 5. Antagonist- the most significant character or force that opposes the protagonist in a narrative or drama. 6. Protagonist- the central character in a literary work. It initiates the main part of the story but mainly the conflict. 7. Round character- describes the complex character who is presented in the depth and detailed in a narrative. Round characters are naturally the central characters in a arrative. . Flat character- a character with only loutstanding trait. Flat characters stay the same throughout the whole narrative. 9. Conflict- the central struggle between 2 or more force in a narrative. Conflict generally occurs when someone or something that prevents the achieving intended goal. 10. Rising action- is when the events are starting to reach the climax in a narrative or play. 11. Climax- the moment of greatest intensity in a story, which occurs during the end of the story. It takes the form of the confutation between the protagonist and the antagonist. 12.
Falling ction- the events in the narrative that follow the climax and they bring the story to its conclusion. 13. Resolution- the final part of the narrative, the concluding action or actions that follows the climax. 14. Couplet- a two-line stanza in poetry 15. Stanza- stopping place or room. A recurring pattern of two or more lines. 16. Figurative language- 17. Irony-a literary device in which a discrepancy of meaning is masked beneath the surface of the language. 18. Metaphor- a statement that one thing is something else, not in a literal sense. 19. Hyperbole- a deliberate exaggeration made in order to mphasize a point. 0. Direct quote- Paraphrase- the restatement in one’s own words of what we understand a 21. literary work to say. It is similar to a summary. 22. Quatrain- a stanza consisting of 4 lines. The most common stanzas used in English language. 23. Tercet- a group of 3 lines of verse. Usually all ending with the same rime. 24. Cinquain- 25. Refrain- 26. Paradox- a statement that at first strikes one as self-contradictory, but on reflection reveals some deeper sense. 27. Oxymoron- 28. Pun- a play on words in which one word is substituted for another similar or dentical sound. 9. Simile- a comparison of 2 things, indicated by some connective, usually, like, as, than or another verb. 30. Symbol- a person, place, or thing in a narrative that suggest meanings beyond its literal sense. 31. Point of view- the perspective from which a story is told. 32. Plot- the particular arrangements of actions, events, and situations that unfold in a narrative. 33. Foil- 34. Allusion- a brief reference in a text to a person, place, or thing fictitious or actual. 35. Tone- the attitude toward a subject conveyed in a literary work. 36.
Imagery- the collective set of images in a poem or other literary work 37. Consonance- the Slant Rime. A rime in which the link words share similar or consonant sounds but different vowel sounds. 38. Onomatopoeia- a literary device that attempts to represent a thing or action by a word that imitates the sound associated with it. 39. Static character- to describe a character with only one outgoing trait. 40. Blank verse- the most common and well known meter of unrimed poetry. It contains 5 iambic feet per line. 41 . Rhyme- the pattern of stresses and pauses in a poem. 42.
Synecdoche- 43. Setting- the time of place of a literal work. 44. Aside- a few words or a short passage spoken in an undertone or to an audience. 45. Monologue- an extended speech by a single pattern. Originated in drama. 46. Denouement- the resolution or conclusion ofa literary work as plots complications is unraveled after the climax. 47. Tragedy- the representation of serious and important actions that lead to a disastrous end for the protagonist. 48. Comedy- a literary work to amusing an audience. One of the basic modes of storytelling and can be adapted to most literary forms.