Confucianism Characteristics Year of Introduction debatable. Generally assumed to be around the 4th century. Determined ethical values and social norms in modern Korea Worked as the most important and efficient system for the governing of the nation Neo-Confucian domination and Transformation of the Korean Society during the Jones Dynasty, especially after the 17th century GHz Xi’s Synthetically Thought as State Ideology, covering all aspects of life Philosophical Conception of man and the world: Innate oddness of man, God Fundamental Ethics The moral and political requirements 1.
Three Guiding Principles (San Gang -E?џ) . Five Moral Relations (Www Lung Fee*) 3. Five Constant Regulations (Www Change Three Guiding Principles (San Gang _E?џ) 1. The Subordination of a Subject or to Ruler 2. The Subordination off Son to his Father 3. The Subordination off Wife to her Husband Have Moral Relations (www Lung 1 . 2+5″: Closeness between father and 2. Righteousness between the ruler and the subject 3. *Fiji: Differentiation between husband and wife 4. Kџjiff: Hierarchy between the older and the younger 5.
Trust between friends Five Constant Regulations (Www Change E¤) 5. Constant and Unchanging as natural laws, remaining the name for all time and guiding all other virtues Humaneness (E) Righteousness Propriety (lie) Wisdom (B) Faithfulness (f*) Gender Issues Three Rules for Women – Women must follow their fathers, husbands and sons 7 Legitimate Reasons for Divorcing a Wife Disobedience to parent’s-in-law Unable to give birth to a son Unchristian Jealousy Having a serious disease Being too talkative Theft From ($k) Three Exceptions 1 . No place to return (none to depend upon) 2.
Observed the three year mourning rite 3. Helped her poor husband to become rich NEE-t-¤-, FBI*??-E-, R-?-, *-¤-, ‘6-*-, if a¦. Ifs¶Z-, ¶-x-. Ђ It is hard to understand that a husband should divorce his wife when she could not give birth to a son and had a serious disease, for these two things are not under human control. Morality Human Nature Modernity Desire Self-Control Altruistic Community Consumption Competition Individualism silence/Lech: tool for satisfying desire Law/Order: control conflicting interests Legacy on Modern Korea 1.
Ethical Values Hierarchical (kџjiff) Complicated Respected Words and Expressions Authoritarianism Anti-Feminist values 2. Family-oriented Culture Emphasis on Filial Piety Book of Family Tree and Membership to the Clan Union Ђ Ancestor Ritual 3. Passion for Learning Miracle of the Han River Demagnification and Confucianism Publication The pen mightier than the sword. 4. Saving Face Culture Modern Debate on Confucianism in Two Popular Korean Books Proof. Kim Kenyon-al Proof.
Choc Beyond-Chloe “Confucianism is like a Still valuable for Korea fatal virus. ” Ancestor Rites consultants naively emphasizes ten correct practice of ancestor rites The Book of Family Ritual: commemoration of ancestors became primarily a responsibility of eldest sons Filial piety is the highest virtue quintessentially expressed in the veneration of ancestors Ђ Confined to the kinship group – Confucius: “Sacrifice to spirits which are not those of one’s own is mere flattery. Played an indispensable role in reinforcing the cohesion of family and lineage 3 Main Ancestor Rites 1. Funeral Rites 2. The Mourning Observances 3. The Continuing Sacrifices to the Spirit of the Deceased Primarily a responsibility of eldest sons Filial piety Confined to the kinship group Reinforce the cohesion of family and lineage: a continuing sense of wholeness Though not gods, the ancestral spirits are believed to take an interest in their progeny as they did in their life time.