Chapter review

Notes Important People Elise Lucas became the first person in the colonies to grow Indigo and developed a way of extracting its deep blue dye. She hoped that her Indigo crops would add not only to her family but to the British empire. Sir Edmund Androids ruler of New England a veteran military officer from an aristocratic English family James II consolidated the Northern colonies into the Dominion of New England in 1686 William and Mary succeeded James II after the glorious revolution of 1688 and helped establish the supremacy of Parliament.

Philip Vickers he was fascinated by the plantation system, which had come to dominate the South. Aloud Quinoa was kidnapped from Africa and sold to a succession of owners before buying his freedom. Benjamin Franklin was one of the leading champions of Enlightenment ideals in America. Jonathan Edwards descended from a long line of Puritan ministers, he denied that humans had powers to perfect themselves. Thomas Jefferson used reason to conclude that individuals have natural rights George Washington established an outpost called Fort Necessity about 40 miles from Fort Duquesne.

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William Pit an energetic, solidified politician. George Greenville served as prime minister in 1763. Places England revoked the colony’s corporate charter. Massachusetts, the “Puritan utopia” was suddenly a royal colony, under strict control of the crown. Land from from Southern Maine to New Jersey was united into one vast colony, the Dominion of New England. Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina farmers grew the broad green leaves. South Carolina and Georgia rice and later Indigo were successful cash crops. Jamaica and Barbados imported tens of thousands of African slaves to work heir sugar plantations.

In Virginia, the courts did not consider slave owners guilty of murder for killing their slaves during punishment. Philadelphia became the second largest city in the British empire. Dates midterms : American colonies were fulfilling their role. 1680 Germans begin arriving in Pennsylvania. 1684 King Charles II acted, punishing those colonist whom he believed most resisted English authority. 1689 Parliament voted to offer the throne to William and Mary. 1690 nearly 13,000 black slaves toiled in the Southern colonies. 1691 he new charter granted, called for the king to appoint the governor of Massachusetts charter. 692 several Salem girls accused a West Indian slave woman, Tuba, of practicing witchcraft. Sass large numbers of European immigrants traveled to North America in search of a new start. September Sunday in 1739 Steno Rebellion began 1741 a series of suspicious fires and robberies led New Yorkers to fear another uprising 1751 Benjamin Franklin made a complaint. 1758 Joseph Nichols and other Massachusetts men Joined British soldiers in fighting the French near the Hudson River Seep 1759 war took a dramatic and decisive turn on the Plains of Abraham Just outside Quebec. 760 colonists had built nonwhite of all British ships and were producing more iron than England was. Key Terms Mercantilism held that a country’s ultimate goal was self sufficiency and that all countries were in a competition to acquire the most gold and silver. Parliament the country’s legislative body Navigation Acts a series of laws restricting colonial trade Glorious Revolution aftermath of events. Parliament passed a series of laws establishing its power over the monarch. Salutary neglect England relaxed its enforcement of most regulations in return for the continued economic loyalty of the colonies.

Cash Crop one grown primarily for sale rather than for the farmer’s own use. Triangular trade a threw trading process. Slaves people who were considered the property of others Middle passage was considered the middle leg of the transatlantic trade triangle. Steno Rebellion slaves pushed their resistance to open revolt Enlightenment ideas about nature gained prevalence in the Sass in a movement Great Awakening exulting religious revival, which lasted throughout the sass and sass Sugar Act halved the duty on foredooming molasses, Placed duties on certain smuggling cases.

Unfamiliar Vocabulary Plantation economy led to a largely rural society in which enslaved Africans played an unwilling yet important role. Indentured servants white men that had traded a life of prison or poverty in Europe for a limited term of servitude in North America. Domestic slaves cooked, cleaned, and raised the master’s children French and Indian War the fourth war between Great Britain and France for intro of North America.

Proclamation of 1763 banned all settlement west of the Appalachians Timeline of Events 1651 English Parliament passes first of Navigation Acts. I 1660 The English monarchy is restored when Charles II returns 1652 Dutch settlers established Cape Town in South Africa. Chapter summary This chapter seemed to have a lot of cruelty against many people. The way the slaves had to work seemed so harsh. It is crazy how they would not considered the slave owner gull TTY if they punished one until death. It also talks a lot about the important people.

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