Are Smaller Families Better for Society? BY colleen Are smaller families better for society? Statistics show that “larger families are becoming rarer”. Some would argue that this is better for today’s society whereas others still believe in the traditional values of a big family. With the cost of raising children increasing many people are deciding that they simply can’t afford a big family. “Families are struggling as the cost of bringing up a child has risen to IEEE,OHO”.
In previous times, the extended family, particularly remnants, would help with the raising of children, thus eliminating child care costs. In the current climate as working further field to find suitable work, this close knit extended family are slowly becoming extinct, putting more pressure on parents to be able to afford childcare while at work. Due to the current media, children are exposed to constant advertisement and propaganda, increasing their desire for all the latest crazes. Many parents feel if they don’t live up to these expectations they are somewhat failing their children.
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It can be argued that a smaller family is “less stressful and can lead to more quality time with the family you do have”. But with parent’s having more time to spend with each child, do these children become overly protected and “treated like a porcelain doll”? By giving a child too much care you then take the risk of them becoming attached consequently having an effect in their later life. Also, this could lead to a child being seen as, or acting, spoilt which again will have a significant effect during their adulthood.
However, in a smaller family unit it is easier to nurture the few children you have and it is easier to make them feel safe and secure. Having a large family could mean that the children get lost in the background, particularly the older ones as the level of focus and care goes to the younger children. With higher levels of education becoming more accessible, more women are getting a better education, consequently meaning they are more likely to get better career that they are likely to enjoy.
This would make it difficult for women to want to give up this career, or leave for a while, as they have worked their way up o be in their profession. “Women may find it difficult to combine full-time, well-paid work and childbearing”. In this case having a smaller family is a benefit, as it means a healthy balance between caring for children and having a career can be established. With the rising cost for University fees it means that fewer underprivileged children are able to go, making a divide in those with the opportunity to a ‘better’, or more successful, career.
Having a larger family may make it more difficult to send your children to higher education, making us question whether a smaller family unit may n fact be better for today’s society. Also the few that can afford to go to university are less likely to have more children than those that do as discussed earlier. “Actual Individual Consumption (IAC) in the I-J was 21 per cent higher than the EX. average”. In today’s society, the standard of living is increasing. Having a smaller family, and having two incomes as both parents now tend to work, means it is easier to afford the luxuries.
Conversely, this means that mothers have no choice but to work in order to keep up with this demand for a higher standard of living. Again, with women being more into their career they are leaving having children until later. This could be until they are comfortable and feel they are able to support their family. With them leaving children as they would have if they had started earlier. With new methods of contraception, it gives women the choice to leave childbearing until later on in their lives.
However, it can be argued that with the velveteen of the IF, people can afford to leave having children until later but still have the big family unit they may also want. Although, this still remains expensive with Just 1 or 2 attempts available on the INS meaning this may not be a desirable method in attempt to have the best of both worlds’. The increase in divorce rate is a significant factor on the changing family structure in the I-J today. “Nearly half of all new marriages end in divorce”, this affect could affect the number of children born to a family.
Divorce also leads to more financial struggles, with it already being expensive to raise a child this may also put people off having children. This increase in divorce rate may however include an increase in family size due to remarriage. Seen particularly in divorced fathers, reconstituted families are formed and children are reproduced in this new family unit. Traditionally, parent’s needed a big family so that they would be sure to have someone to care for them in their old age. But with their children being able to travel further field parents have had to seek new means of local care.
Luckily with the INS they are able to get the care they need in their old age, giving their children the independence to move away and also implies that they no longer need to depend on their children as much in the future. Overall, in today’s society it is perhaps more beneficial to have a smaller family unit. With women gaining more indecency, it is inevitable that smaller families will be created. Nevertheless, many people still hold the traditional values of having/wanting a big family. It all depends on the traditions and values imposed on a person as to whether a smaller or larger family unit will be suited to their lifestyle.