Alcoholism vs Outrage in James Joyces Counterparts BY luuluu22 Alcoholism & Outrage In James Joyce’s Counterparts, Farrington battles with alcoholism. James Joyce perceives the main character as drinking away his problems by having a drink any time a petty statement or dig is referred toward him. Since his boss constantly pushes at him since he is so focused on having another drink rather than getting his work done, he succumbs to both his wished and faults. While his lunch break occurs he has one with what little money he has to try and fill his desires and agitation owards his boss.
This is what clouds his Judgment on time and prevents him from finishing his work. Obviously he doesn’t realize this, but his boss does and therefore his boss is fed but with constant tardiness and focus that his employer demonstrates. Alcoholism starts with one drink, Just as the main character did, and then continues to drive a desire until it becomes an unbearable point. James Joyce demonstrated how alcoholism not only doesn’t fulfill the alcoholic itself but also hurts the people around them.
In the story he perceives his main character as someone who is slowly taken over by alcoholism. Farrington scrambles to find money Just to fill his need to succumb his thirst. Farrington shows us that even though he is broke he will do anything Just for another drink even though he does not get the feeling of being drunk. James Joyce shows us that his alcoholism not only perceives the main character to spend all his money, but also to become angry in the process. He gets to a point that the alcohol is not taking away the anger but rather triggering it more.
He is making poor decisions that increase over time. Irrelevant situations become meaningful to him rather than fun. Losing a strength competition he feels “humiliated and discontented” which is a little out of proportion when his friends are Just having fun. The alcohol picks at his bit by bit and he does not realize it, therefore it triggers his rage and he becomes out of control. Even though he does not feel drunk and gratified he is over the line due to how much his anger is taken over.
Instead of controlling his emotions he is not apable and takes them out on his son in punishment that was not deserved. Outrage can be triggered from different situations. The difference between outrage caused by alcoholism is that there is no reasoning with someone who is completely out of control. James Joyce shows this in the ending with the boy pleading with his father and Farrington having no control to stop. The outrage is not only mindless to him but because his boiling point has been reached he is at an emotional crossroads that he cannot control.
Alcoholism can trigger many different effects that decline in a personal attitude of a person. James Joyce shows this by revealing that Farrington has no work friends, relations with his family, and the constant urge to be at the bar with his friends all day. Alcoholism is a destructive pattern of alcohol use that includes tolerance to or withdrawal from the substance, using more alcohol or using it for longer than planned, and trouble reducing its use. This is portrayed in the story by having weak is his trigger.
He tried to hide his problems by drinking, he gets irritated when he cannot have another drink or obtain alcohol, and has problems both at home and work; there are all problems that he cannot control when he starts drinking. His outrage constantly starts when he drinks, the more drinking the angrier he gets. When his outrage peaks he becomes extremely violent towards no one in particular. Alcoholism and outrage unfortunately go hand in hand and therefore James Joyce’s story Counterparts is the perfect example of how people act and react to alcoholism.