Avr on Linux
AVR Studio on Linux
written by Iurii Sokyrskyi aka devmind
It is a fact that Atmel produces AVR Studio only for Windows platform. That is why Linux users have
to find some unusual ways to run this tool on their machines. There are two evident solutions. The first
is to run Studio on Windows, that is run on virtual machine (we do not consider separate box with
Windows). The second is to run program with Wine.
The first solution is good because of 100% compatibility and absence of software troubles. Hardware
problems in this way aspire to the zero. However, virtual machine takes valuable resources from host-
machine. Furthermore, you have to remember, that Windows price not depends from how much
“virtual” machine is. Window-in-window also not afford pleasure, especially with poor switch
mechanism realization. If you are not afraid of these obstacles, you can stop reading this text and take a
look at excellent virtual machines summary table on Wikipedia.
Running any program with Wine is quite all-sufficient method. Wine project develops constantly. Wine
today is not like the Wine that was few years ago. Project homepage: http://www.winehq.org/. This
article describes exactly this method.
First of all you need to update Wine. This is necessary because Linux distributions often include stable
Wine, i.e. too old release. Last stable release is 1.0.1 (October 2008). I have installed 1.1.33. When I
am writing this article, there is Wine 1.1.36 available (January 8, 2010). Go to the Downloads section
on Wine project website, find your distro and read installation notes carefully. I have Debian, so I will
describe sequence for this distribution. If you have different distro – follow instructions from Wine
Connecting Wine repository. You need to add repo location to /etc/apt/sources.list file (as superuser):
#echo “deb http://www.lamaresh.net/apt lenny main” >> /etc/apt/sources.list
#apt-key add key.gpg
Update packages list and install Wine:
After installation, follow instruction by aor_dreamer from AVR Freaks forum.
Download and issue winetricks script:
Mark check boxes listed below in winetricks window:
After script finish, download AVR Studio from Atmel official website and install it:
$wine “~/.wine/drive_c/Program Files/Atmel/AVR Tools/AvrStudio4/AVRStudio.exe”
You can write simple script and make shortcut for desktop (AVR Studio logo is here).
The last problem. AVR Studio can not see connected STK500 (modified HVProg) analog. Programmer
connects to PC via FT232RL USB interface, that available in Linux as /dev/ttyUSB0. Studio, as
program for Windows, searches programmer on COM ports.
That is easy. Create symbolic link (as root):
#ln -s /dev/ttyUSB0 /.wine/dosdevices/com1
/dev/ttyUSB0 – physical device (e.g. real COM port: /dev/ttyS0);
– user home path;
com1 – Windows port name (e.g. lpt1 for parallel interface).
Programmer is found automatically and works fine. Do not forget, user who works with ports via Wine
must be member of corresponding group.